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What do varicose veins mean?

Varicose Veins (ie. Varicose, varicose veins or varices) is a chronic progressive disease of the veins, characterized as swollen, twisted and enlarged veins. It may occur in different parts of the body but most commonly affects the superficial veins of the legs.

The disease has affected between 30-40% of the people in Bulgaria, the reportedincidenceofvaricose veins in women is higher than in men.

What causes the development of varicose veins?

The main factor for the development of varicose veins are some inflammatory processes and the genetic predisposition that lead to damage to the valves leaflets located along the veins. The main function of the venous valves is to prevent the blood from flowing backward.

The damaged valves lead to an increase in the venous pressure, venous stasis and further to expansion of the venous walls.

What are the main symptoms and indications of the disease?

  • Pain, heaviness and discomfort in the legs, especially at the end of the day
  • Burning, itching, swelling of the legs, muscle cramps
  • Telangiectasia, reticular veins and varicose veins
  • Skin changes: pigmentation, lipodermatosclerosis, dermatitis, presence of active or healed venous ulcer on the lateral ankle

What are the risk factors for developing varicose veins?

  • age, gender, heredity, pregnancy;
  • smoking, arterial hypertonia, obesity;
  • prolonged standing in a straight position or sitting down, sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity;
  • wearing tight clothes and shoes;

The real state of your veins is not always visible.

Therefore, it is necessary a preliminary thorough examination with a Doppler apparatus to be carried out by a qualified vascular angio-specialist or a vascular surgeon who to assess what treatment is necessary to be applied.

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